اثربخشی ۲۱ جلسه آب‌درمانی بر کاهش استرس بعد از سانحه، اضطراب و افسردگی (مطالعة تک آزمودنی)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس‌ارشد روان‌شناسی ورزشی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

2 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران

3 کارشناس ‌ارشد روان‌شناسی ورزشی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی اثربخشی تمرینات آب‌درمانی واتسو و مدل آمادگی قلبی- عروقی نروژی بر کاهش علائم اختلال استرس بعد از سانحه، اضطراب و افسردگی بود. آزمودنی یک نوجوان 17 ساله مبتلا به اختلال استرس بعد از سانحه، اضطراب و افسردگی بود. بستة درمانی 21 جلسه‌ای درمدت هفت هفته شامل تمرینات آب‌درمانی واتسو و مدل آمادگی قلبی- عروقی نروژی برای آزمودنی اجرا شد. اندازه‌گیری دو بار در پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون و یک‌بار در آزمون پیگیری یک ماهه انجام شد. برای پردازش داده‌ها از ترسیم دیداری و فرمول درصد بهبودی استفاده شد. نتایج پژوهش از تأثیرات مثبت آب‌درمانی بر کاهش استرس بعد از سانحه حمایت می‌کند. نتایج این پژوهش تأثیرات مثبت آب‌درمانی را برای کاهش استرس بعد از سانحه و علائم شدید تروما و اضطراب را نشان می‌دهد؛ اما تأثیر مثبتی در کاهش افسردگی ندارد. نتایج پیگیری نیز مشابه است. تمرینات هوازی تأثیر معناداری بر سلامت روان و عملکرد دستگاه اعصاب حرکتی انسان دارند. غوطه‌وری در آب گرم افزایش عملکرد شناختی، آرامش ذهنی و کاهش اضطراب و بهبود خلق را به‌همراه دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of 21 Sessions Aquatic Exercises in Reducing Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Anxiety and Depression: CASE STUDY

نویسندگان [English]

  • Majid Mozafarizadeh 1
  • Fatemeh Heydary 2
  • Soheila Ghaleche Yazdani Ghaleche Yazdani 3
1 MSc of Sport Psychology, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran
2 MSc of Sport Psychology, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
3 MSc of Sport Psychology, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of aquatic exercises of Watsu and Norwegian Cardiovascular Fitness Model in reducing PTSD, Anxiety and Depression. Participant was a 17 year old adolescent boy who was diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety and depression; A21-session therapeutic Package was performed during 7 weeks for the participant. Measures were administrated twice at pretest and post-test and at a one month follow up. The data was analyzed in graph presentations and using the recovery percentage formula. The findings of this study provided positive support for the effects of hydrotherapy in reducing PTSD. The results showed positive effects of aquatic exercises for PTSD and Trauma severity symptoms and anxiety. There was not a positive effect on depression. Follow up results were the same. Aerobic exercises have a significant effect on mental health and functioning of the human nervous system. Immersion in warm water increases cognitive function, mental relaxation, anxiety reduction and improve the mood.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Aquatic Exercise
  • Watsu
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