ارتباط وضعیت محل زندگی و فعالیت‌بدنی: نقش میانجی‌گری عوامل روانشناختی- اجتماعی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

2 استاد گروه مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

3 روانشناسی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی رابطة وضعیت محل‌زندگی با فعالیت­بدنی و میانجی‌گری عوامل روان‌شناختی- اجتماعی بود. روش پژوهش از نوع پژوهش­های همبستگی و کاربردی بود. نمونة آماری پژوهش، 370 نفر از افراد مراجعه‌کننده به پارک­های سطح شهر اهواز برای انجام فعالیت­بدنی بود که به‌ روش تصادفی انتخاب شدند. ابزار اندازه‌گیری پرسش‌نامة پژوهشگرساخته بود که در دو بخش وضعیت محل­زندگی و عوامل روان‌شناختی-اجتماعی تنظیم شد. داده­های پژوهش با استفاده از پی.ال.اس. تجزیه‌ و تحلیل شدند. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که علاوه‌ بر رابطة مستقیم وضعیت محل‌زندگی و عوامل روان‌شناختی- اجتماعی با فعالیت­بدنی شهروندان اهوازی، نقش میانجی‌گری عوامل روان‌شناختی-اجتماعی نیز مشاهده شده است؛ بنابراین، اگر امکان تغییر شاخص­های مرتبط با محل‌زندگی افراد مانند هم‌جواری وجود نداشته باشد، با تقویت عوامل روان‌شناختی- اجتماعی از طریق آگاهی شهروندان از فواید چند گانة فعالیت‌بدنی و فعالیت­های تفریحی، می­توان موانع محیطی فعالیت‌بدنی را کاهش داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationship Between Status of Living Environment and Physical Activity: Role of Mediation in Psychological-Social Factors

نویسندگان [English]

  • akbar ghodratnama 1
  • sedigheh heydarinejad 2
  • nahid shetab bushehri 3
1 Ph.D. of Sport Management
2 Professor of Sport Management, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
3 sport psychology, physical education shahid chamran university of ahwaz, ahwaz, iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between status of living environment and physical activity and role of mediation in psychological-social factors. The research method was correlation and it type of applied research. The sample consisted of 370 persons who used parks in the city of Ahvaz for physical activity as selected by random sampling. The research instrument was a researcher-made questionnaire with two parts addressing the living environment and psychological-social factors. The data was analyzed in PLS software. The research results showed that, in addition to a direct relationship between psychological-social factors and the living environment on physical activity, the role of mediation in psychological-social factors was observed. If the possibility of changing the living environment and related indicators such as proximity do not exist, psychological-social reinforcement through citizen awareness of the multiple benefits of physical activity and recreational activities can reduce perceived environmental barriers to physical activity.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Psychological-social Factors
  • Living Environment
  • Physical Activity
Carlson, J. A., Bracy, N. L., Sallis, J. F., Millstein, R. A., Saelens, B. E., Kerr, J., ... & King, A. C. (2014). Sociodemographic moderators of relations of neighborhood safety to physical activity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 46(8), 1554-1563.
Davari, A., Rezazadeh, A. (2016). Structural Equation Modeling with Software PLS. PublishingJahad Daneshgahi Organization, 67-100. (In Persian).
D’Haese, S., Gheysen, F., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Deforche, B., Van Dyck, D., & Cardon, G. (2016). The moderating effect of psychosocial factors in the relation between neighborhood walkability and children’s physical activity. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 13(1), 128-143.
De Meester, F., Van Dyck, D., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Deforche, B., &Cardon, G. (2013). Do psychosocial factors moderate the association between neighborhood walkability and adolescents' physical activity?Journal of Social Science and Medicine, 81, 1-9.
Ding, D., Sallis, J. F., Conway, T. L., Saelens, B. E., Frank, L. D., &Cain, K. L. (2012). Interactive effects of built environment and psychosocial attributes on physical activity: a test of ecological models. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 44(3), 365-374.
Ebrahimzadeh, J., Maleki, S., &Hatami, D. (2014). Assessment of Safety Status in Parks City, Case Study: Izeh Town. Journal of Research and Urban Planning, 5(2), 57-72. (In Persian).
Franzini, L., Taylor, W., Elliott, M. N., Cuccaro, P., Tortolero, S. R., Gilliland, M. J., &Schuster, M. A. (2010). Neighborhood characteristics favorable to outdoor physical activity: Disparities by socioeconomic and racial/ethnic composition. Health & place, 16(2), 267-274.
Hallal, P.C., Andersen, L.B., Bull, F.C., Guthold, R., Haskell, W., &Ekelund, U. (2012). Global physical activity levels: surveillance progress, pitfalls, and prospects. The Lancet, 380(9838), 247–257.
Humpel, N., Owen, N., & Leslie, E. (2002). Environmental factors associated with adults’ participation in physical activity: a review. American journal of preventive medicine, 22(3), 188-199.
Hwang, J., & Kim, Y. H. (2017). Psychological, social environmental, and physical environmental variables in explaining physical activity in Korean older adults. Revista de psicología del deporte, 26(1), 83-92.
Ishii, K., Shibata, A., & Oka, K. (2010). Environmental, psychological, and social influences on physical activity among Japanese adults: Structural equation modeling analysis. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 7(1), 61-69.
Kaczynski, A. T., & Henderson, K. A. (2007). Environmental correlates of physical activity: a review of evidence about parks and recreation. Journal of Leisure Sciences, 29(4), 315-354.
Kim, Y. H., & Cardinal, B. J. (2010). Psychosocial correlates of Korean adolescents' physical activity behavior. Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness, 8(2), 97-104.
Lu, C., Stolk, R. P., Sauer, P. J., Sijtsma, A., Wiersma, R., Huang, G., & Corpeleijn, E. (2017). Factors of physical activity among Chinese children and adolescents: a systematic review. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 14(1), 36-45.
Morckel, V., & Terzano, K. (2014). The influence of travel attitudes, commute mode choice, and perceived neighborhood characteristics on physical activity. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 11(1), 91-98.
Peeters, G. G., Brown, W. J., & Burton, N. W. (2014). Psychosocial factors associated with increased physical activity in insufficiently active adults with arthritis. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 18(5), 558-564.
Schipperijn, J., Bentsen, P., Troelsen, J., Toftager, M., & Stigsdotter, U. K. (2013). Associations between physical activity and characteristics of urban green space. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 12(1), 109-116.
Taghavitakyar, O. (2006). A study socio-economic status and motives of participants in sport for all. Unpublished master's thesis). University of Guilan, Guilan.(In Persian).
Timperio, A., Veitch, J., & Carver, A. (2015). Safety in numbers: does perceived safety mediate associations between the neighborhood social environment and physical activity among women living in disadvantaged neighborhoods?Preventive Medicine, 74, 49-54.
Van Dyck, D., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Deliens, T., & Deforche, B. (2015). Can changes in psychosocial factors and residency explain the decrease in physical activity during the transition from high school to college or university? International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 22(2), 178-186.
Van Holle, V., Van Cauwenberg, J., Deforche, B., Van de Weghe, N., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., & Van Dyck, D. (2015). Do psychosocial factors moderate the association between objective neighborhood walkability and older adults' physical activity?Health & Place, 34, 118-125.
Wang, D., Brown, G., & Liu, Y. (2015). The physical and non-physical factors that influence perceived access to urban parks. Landscape and Urban Planning, 133, 53-66.
23. Witten, K., Hiscock, R., Pearce, J., & Blakely, T. (2008). Neighbourhood access to open spaces and the physical activity of residents. Preventive medicine, 47(3), 299-303.