ارتباط فعالیت در رسانه‌های اجتماعی با اضطراب اجتماعی، احساس تنهایی و کمرویی ورزشکاران تیم‌های ملی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه تربیت بدنی، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران

2 گروه تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه لانکشایر، قبرس

3 موسسه آموزش عالی غیر دولتی ادیب مازندران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی ارتباط فعالیت در رسانه­های اجتماعی با اضطراب اجتماعی، احساس تنهایی و کمرویی در ورزشکاران تیم­های ملی طراحی و اجرا گردید. جامعۀ آماری پژوهش حاضر شامل تمامی ورزشکاران تیم­های ملی در کشور ایران در رشته­های ورزشی مختلف است که در نرم­افزار اینستگرام دارای صحفه­های شخصی بودند. با توجه به عدم دسترسی و یا دسترسی سخت و دشوار به این ورزشکاران، تعداد 200 ورزشکار تیم ملی، به صورت در دسترس، به عنوان نمونۀ پژوهش مشخص گردیدند. نتایج پژوهش حاضر نشان داد بین نحوۀ فعالیت ورزشکاران در نرم­افزار اینستگرام با اضطراب اجتماعی، احساس تنهایی و کمرویی رابطۀ معناداری وجود دارد. لذا رصد فعالیت­های مربوط به رسانه اجتماعی در میان ورزشکاران می­تواند بازگو­کننده برخی مشکلات روان­شناختی آنان باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship between the Activities in Social Media with Social Anxiety, Loneliness, and Shyness of National Team Athletes

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hamid Janani 1
  • Efstathios Christodoulides 2
  • Bahare Soleymani Tape Sari 3
1 Department of Physical Education, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
2 Lecturer in Sport and Exercise Science, University of Central Lancashire, Cyprus
3 Adib Mazandaran Institute of Higher Education
چکیده [English]

The present study was conducted to investigate the relationship between the activities in social media and social anxiety, loneliness, and shyness of national team athletes. The statistical population of the study consisted of all athletes of national teams in Iran in different sports fields, who had personal accounts in the Instagram application. Due to hard and difficult access to these athletes, at least 200 athletes of the national team were selected as the study sample. The results of this study showed that, there is a significant relationship between the athletes' activity in Instagram application with social anxiety, loneliness, and shyness. Therefore, observation of the activities of the athletes in social media can explain some of their psychological problems.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • social media
  • social anxiety
  • loneliness
  • shyness
  • Athletes
1. Adamkolo, M. I., & Elmi-Nur, H. (2015). Communicating ‘the self’through digital images: gender bias and mental health risks associated with selfie use on social network sites. Glob. Media J. Malays. Ed, 5, 16-36.‏
2. Agha Nori, S. (2011). Studying the motives and desires of Internet users to join Facebook and its impact on social capital, Master's thesis in Social Communication Research, Islamic Azad University, Tehran Central Branch.
3.Boettcher, J., Magnusson, K., Marklund, A., Berglund, E., Blomdahl, R., Braun, U.,.& von Weber, K. (2018). Adding a smartphone app to internet-based self-help for social anxiety: A randomized controlled trial. Computers in Human Behavior, 87, 98-108.‏
4. Chua, A. Y., & Banerjee, S. (2013). Customer knowledge management via social media: the case of Starbucks. Journal of Knowledge Management, 17(2), 237-249.
5. David, J. L., Powless, M. D., Hyman, J. E., Purnell, D. M., Steinfeldt, J. A., & Fisher, S. (2018). College student athletes and social media: The psychological impacts of Twitter use. International Journal of Sport Communication, 11(2), 163-186.
6. Eftekhar, A., Fullwood, C., & Morris, N. (2014). Capturing personality from Facebook photos and photo-related activities: How much exposure do you need? Computers in Human Behavior, 37, 162–170.
7. Elison , N. B. & Boyd, Danah, M. (2007). Social Network site: Definition, History and Scholarship, Journal of computer Mediated Communication, 13:210-230.
8. El Alaoui, S., Hedman, E., Kaldo, V., Hesser, H., Kraepelien, M., Andersson, E., ... & Lindefors, N. (2015). Effectiveness of Internet-based cognitive–behavior therapy for social anxiety disorder in clinical psychiatry. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 83(5), 902.‏
9. Hafez Nezhad, Y. (2010). The Effect of Socioeconomic-Cultural Factors on the Rate of Internet Use among Students (Students of Abedanan High School), Master's Thesis, Islamic Azad University, Shoushtar Branch.
10. Jokar, B., Salimi, A. (2011). Psychometric properties of the short form of social and emotional loneliness of adults, Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 5 (4), 318-311.
11. Kim, B., & Kim, Y. (2019). Growing as social beings: How social media use for college sports is associated with college students’ group identity and collective self-esteem. Computers in Human Behavior, 97, 241-249.
12. Murphy, E., & Tasker, T. (2011). Lost in a crowded room: A correlational study of Facebook and social anxiety. In J. Barlow (Ed.), Interface: The Journal of Education, Community and Values, Vol. 11. (pp. 89–94). Forest Grove, OR: The Berglund Centre for Internet Studies.
13. Nowland, R., Necka, E. A., & Cacioppo, J. T. (2018). Loneliness and social internet use: pathways to reconnection in a digital world?. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 13(1), 70-87.‏
14. Pugh, S. (2017). Investigating the relationship between smartphone addiction, social anxiety, self-esteem, age & gender.‏ thesis of BA (Hons) in Psychology, Dublin Business School.
15. Ryan, T., & Xenos, S. (2011). Who uses Facebook? An investigation into the relationship between the Big Five, shyness, narcissism, loneliness, and Facebook usage. Computers in Human Behavior, 27, 1658–1664.
16. Scott, G. G., & Hand, C. J. (2016). Motivation determines Facebook viewing strategy: An eye movement analysis. Computers in Human Behavior, 56, 267–280.
17. Scott, G. G., Boyle, E. A., Czerniawska, K., & Courtney, A. (2018). Posting photos on Facebook: the impact of narcissism, social anxiety, loneliness, and shyness. Personality and Individual Differences, 133, 67-72.‏
18. Seidman, G. (2013). Self-presentation and belonging on Facebook: Howpersonality influences social media use and motivations. Personality and Individual Differences, 54(3), 402–407.
19. Sheldon, P. (2013). Voices that cannot be heard: Can shyness explain how we communicate on Facebook versus face-to-face? Computers in Human Behavior, 29(4), 1402–1407.
20. Smith, A. B., & Whiteside, E. (2019). From Taped Up to Mic’d Up: Experiences of Former Athletes and the Meaning of Athletic Identity in Sports Media Spaces. Communication & Sport, 2167479519858611..
21. Stefanone, M. A., Lackaff, D., & Rosen, D. (2011). Contingencies of self-worth and socialnetworking- site behavior. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 14, 41–49.
22. Tian, Y., Guo, Z. X., Shi, J. R., Bian, Y. L., Han, P. G., Wang, P., & Gao, F. Q. (2018). Bidirectional Mediating Role of Loneliness in the Association Between Shyness and Generalized Pathological Internet Use in Chinese University Students: A Longitudinal Cross-Lagged Analysis. The Journal of psychology, 152(8), 529-547.‏
23. Ye, Y., & Lin, L. (2015). Examining relations between locus of control, loneliness, subjective well-being, and preference for online social interaction. Psychological reports, 116(1), 164-175.‏
24. Weinstein, A., Dorani, D., Elhadif, R., Bukovza, Y., Yarmulnik, A., & Dannon, P. (2015). Internet addiction is associated with social anxiety in young adults. Annals of Clinical Psychiatry, 27(1), 4-9.‏
25. Witkemper, C., Lim, C. H., & Waldburger, A. (2012). Social media and sports marketing: Examining the motivations and constraints of Twitter users. Sport Marketing Quarterly, 21(3), 170.