تأثیر تحریک الکتریکی مستقیم مغز (tDCS) بر خستگی ذهنی و عملکرد بسکتبالیست‌ها

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه رفتار حرکتی و روان‌شناسی ورزشی، دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اراک، اراک، ایران

2 استادیار گروه رفتار حرکتی و روان‌شناسی ورزشی، دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اراک، اراک، ایران

3 ** کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر، تأثیر تحریک الکتریکی مستقیم مغز (تی.دی.سی.اس) بر خستگی ذهنی و عملکرد بسکتبالیست­ ها بود. بدین منظور، 18 بسکتبالیست پسر به روش نمونه­ گیری دردسترس انتخاب شدند و به صورت تصادفی در دو گروه تجربی و کنترل 9 نفره قرار گرفتند. ابتدا از شرکت­کننده­ ها آزمون خستگی با مقیاس خودارزیابی خستگی ذهنی به عمل آمد و پس از ایجاد خستگی با نرم افزار استروپ و آزمون ریاضی، پیش­ آزمون ­های خستگی و عملکرد در شوت سه امتیازی ایفرد اجرا شد. سپس آزمودنی ­های گروه تجربی تحت تی.دی.سی.اس قرار گرفتند و برای شرکت­ کننده ­های گروه کنترل دستگاه در حالت شم قرار داده شد. بعد از انجام مداخله پس ­آزمون به عمل آمد. نتایج آزمون ­های تی برای گروه­های همبسته و مستقل نشان داد یک جلسه تی.دی.سی.اس بر عملکرد بسکتبالیست ­ها تأثیر مثبت و معناداری دارد؛ اما در مقایسه با گروه کنترل اثر معناداری بر خستگی ذهنی نداشت. نتایج پیشنهاد می ­کند جهت بهبود عملکرد می­ توان از یک جلسه  تی.دی.سی.اس استفاده نمود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effects of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (TDCS) on Mental Fatigue and performance of Basketball Player

نویسندگان [English]

  • Alireza Bahrami 1
  • Jalil Moradi 2
  • Zahra Etaati 3
1 Department of Motor Behavior and Sport Psychology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Arak University, Arak, Iran
2 Department of Motor Behavior and Sport Psychology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Arak University, Arak, Iran
3 M.A of Sport psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) on mental fatigue and performance of basketball players. For this purpose, 18 male basketball players were selected by convenience sampling and randomly divided into experimental and control groups of 9 persons. Participants were first tested for fatigue using the Self-Evaluation of Mental Fatigue Scale, and after being tired with the Stroop software and the mathematical test, fatigue and performance (AAHPERD three-point shot) pre-tests were performed. Experimental subjects were then exposed to tDCS and sham state operated for control group participants. Post-test was performed after intervention. Results of independent and paired t-tests showed that one tDCS session had a positive and significant effect on basketball performance but had no significant effect on mental fatigue compared to control group. The results suggest that a tDCS session can be used to improve performance

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Basketball
  • Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (TDCS)
  • Mental Fatigue
  • Performance

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