نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

چکیده

تأثیرات مثبت ورزش بر عوامل فیزیولوژیکی بر کسی پوشیده نیست و یافته ­ها در زمینة تأثیر آن بر عوامل روان‌شناختی درحال گسترش است. اخیراً ورزش ایروبیک در بین زنان محبوبیت پیدا کرده است، لذا هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی قابلیت پیش ­بینی زنان فعال (ایروبیک ­کار) و غیرفعال بر اساس متغیرهای شناختی (حافظه)، ادراکی (خود-ادراکی جسمانی) و توجهی (توجه فضایی) بود. جامعة آماری پژوهش زنان 50-19 سالة شهر تبریز بودند که از این بین 160 نفر در قالب دو گروه همگن فعال (ایروبیک ­کار) و غیرفعال به­ صورت تصادفی خوشه ­ای انتخاب شدند. از آزمون ­های حافظة وکسلر، نرم ­افزار جهت­ دهی فضایی، فرم ­کوتاه پرسش­نامة خود توصیفی بدنی و روش آماری آزمون تحلیل ­تشخیص استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که همة متغیرهای حافظه‌ای، توجهی و برخی متغیرهای خودپندارة بدنی با درصدهای مختلف قابلیت پیش‌بینی زنان ایروبیک ­کار و غیرفعال را داشتند، به ­طوری­که خود-ادراکی‌های جسمانی بهترین پیش‌بینی ­کنندة زنان ایروبیک ­کار و غیرفعال بودند. به ­نظر می‌رسد قابلیت ورزش ایروبیک در تأثیرگذاری بر متغیرهای خود-ادراکی جسمانی بیشتر از متغیرهای حافظه و توجه است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigation of Predictability of Cognitive, Attentional and Self-Perceiving Factors among Active and Inactive Women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahsa Soleimani
  • Seyyed Hojjat Zamani
  • Mahta Eskandarnejad

department of motor behavior, faculty of physical education and sport sciences, university of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.

چکیده [English]

Positive effects of doing exercise on physiological factors is evident, and findings of cognitive and psychological effects of exercise are expanding. Nowadays, aerobics has become very popular among females. The present study aimed to investigate predictability of aerobics trainers and inactive females via cognitive, perceptual, and attentional variables. To this end, 160 females of Tabriz (19-50 years old) were selected through a random cluster sampling technique. The Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS), spatial cueing test, and short form of Physical Self-Descriptive Questionnaire were used to measure variables and discriminant analysis used for data analyzing. The results showed that all the memory, attention and some of the physical self-perceived features could predict aerobics trainers and inactive females with different percentages; the physical self-perceived variable was the best predictor of aerobics trainers and inactive females. It seems that the effects of exercise on physical self-perception factors is more than cognitive and attention factors.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Aerobic
  • Memory
  • Spatial Cueing
  • Physical Self-Perception
  • Women
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