تأثیر خودگفتاری اخباری و پرسشی بر ادراک تلاش، انگیزه و توان بی‌هوازی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد، گروه علوم رفتاری و شناختی در ورزش، دانشکده علوم ورزشی و تندرستی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری رفتار حرکتی، گروه علوم رفتاری و شناختی در ورزش، دانشکده علوم ورزشی و تندرستی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی و مقایسه اثرات خودگفتاری اخباری و پرسشی بر ادراک تلاش، انگیزه و عملکرد توان بی­ هوازی انجام پذیرفت. بدین منظور 15 دانش آموز دختر در یک طرح درون­ گروهی شامل مراحل کنترل، خود گفتاری اخباری و خودگفتاری پرسشی مشارکت داشتند. به منظور سنجش توان بی ­هوازی، شرکت­ کنندگان پرش عمودی را در هر سه مرحله اجرا کردند و بعد از هر مرحله چک­ لیست خود گفتاری، فرم ادراک تلاش و فرم انگیزه را تکمیل نمودند. نتایج آزمون تحلیل واریانس اندازه­ های تکراری یک­طرفه، برتری عملکرد توان بی ­هوازی و انگیزه را در مراحل خود گفتاری اخباری و پرسشی نسبت به مرحله کنترل نشان داد. به طور کلی این یافته­ ها از مزیت خودگفتاری اخباری و پرسشی در عملکرد ورزشی حمایت می ­کند که با مبانی نظری خودگفتاری مبنی بر سودمندی خودگفتاری بر عملکرد حرکتی و انگیزه همسو است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Declarative and Interrogative Self-Talk on Perceived Exertion, Motivation and Anaerobic Power

نویسندگان [English]

  • Behrouz Abdoli 1
  • Nastaran Naderirad 2
1 Associate Professor, Department of Behavioral and Cognitive Science in Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences and Health, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
2 PhD Student of Motor Behavior, Department of Behavioral and Cognitive Science in Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences and Health, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The current study aims to investigate and compare the effects of declarative and interrogative self-talk on perceived exertion, motivation and anaerobic power performance. In order to carry this study out, 15 female students participated in a within-subject design including control, declarative self-talk and interrogative self-talk phases. So as to measure anaerobic power, participants performed vertical jump in all three phases and after each phase, they completed the self-talk manipulation check, the perceived exertion, and the motivation form. Through applying one-way repeated measures ANOVA, the superiority of anaerobic power performance and motivation in declarative and interrogative self-talk phases compared to the control phase was revealed. In general, these findings support the advantage of declarative and interrogative self-talk in sport performance which is consistent with the theoretical foundations of self-talk about the usefulness of self-talk on motor performance and motivation

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Motivation
  • Perceived exertion
  • Declarative self-talk
  • Interrogative self-talk
  • Anaerobic Power

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