تأثیر هیجانات مثبت و منفی بر تصمیم‌گیری بازیکنان فوتبال

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد یادگیری و کنترل حرکتی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

2 دانشیار، گروه رفتار حرکتی و روان شناسی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری کنترل حرکتی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر تعیین اثر هیجانات مثبت و منفی بر تصمیم ­گیری بازیکنان فوتبال بود. جامعۀ آماری پژوهش حاضر را بازیکنان فوتبال مرد شهر تهران تشکیل دادند. از این بین 45 نفر با دامنۀ سنی 18 تا 24 سال و در سه گروه هیجان مثبت، منفی و خنثی به ­صورت نمونه در دسترس انتخاب شدند. تکلیف تصمیم ­گیری شامل تصاویری از موقعیت ­های شبیه سازی فوتبال بود. نتایج آزمون تحلیل واریانس یک ­راهه نشان داد سرعت تصمیم ­گیری (001/0 < P ،16/18 = (42 ،2)F) و دقت تصمیم ­گیری (001/0 < P ،53/12 = (42 ،2)F) بین سه گروه تفاوت معناداری داشت. نتایج آزمون تعقیبی بونفرونی نشان داد گروه هیجان مثبت و خنثی نسبت به گروه هیجان منفی به­ طور معناداری سرعت تصمیم­ گیری و دقت تصمیم ­گیری بهتری داشتند. علاوه بر این، گروه هیجان مثبت نسبت به گروه هیجان خنثی از دقت تصمیم­ گیری بهتری برخوردار بود. بنابراین به مربیان فوتبال پیشنهاد می ­شود در کنار تمرینات مکرر تکنیک و تاکتیک، با ایجاد شرایط هیجانی مثبت به انجام تمریناتی که نیازمند تصمیم­ گیری سریع و دقیق است، بپردازند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Positive and Negative Emotions on Decision Making of Football Players

نویسندگان [English]

  • zeinab shams 1
  • Shahzad Tahmasebi Boroujeni 2
  • akbar bohloul 3
1 student
2 Associate Prof. University of Tehran
3 Master student of learning and motor control, University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of positive and negative emotions on the decision of football players. The statistical population of the present study consisted of male football players in Tehran, of which 45 people with 18 to 24 years of age and in three groups of positive, negative and neutral excitement were selected as available samples. The decision-making task included images of football simulation situations. The results of one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) test showed a significant difference between groups in the speed (F (2, 42) = 18.16, P<0.001) and accuracy (F (2, 42) = 12.53, P<0.001) of decision making and the Bonferroni post-hoc test showed that the group of positive and neutral emotions was significantly faster than the group of negative emotions and they had better decision-making accuracy. In addition, the positive emotion group had better decision-making accuracy than the neutral emotion group. Therefore, football coaches are advised to do exercises that require quick and accurate decisions, along with routine technical and tactical exercises, by creating positive emotional conditions

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • decision-making
  • Football
  • positive excitement
  • negative excitement
 

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