مقایسه سلامت روانی زنان و مردان فعال و غیرفعال حرکتی در شرایط پاندمی کووید-19

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار رفتار حرکتی و روان شناسی ورزشی ، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران. تهران. ایران

2 دانشجو دکتری رفتار حرکتی و روان شناسی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران. تهران. ایران

3 دانشجو کارشناسی ارشد روان شناسی ورزشی ، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران. تهران. ایران

چکیده

شیوع این ویروس و اتخاذ روش هایی جهت مقابله با انتشار آن، اثرات مختلفی بر سلامت جسمی، روانی و اجتماعی افراد جامعه گذاشته است. هدف از پژوهش حاضر مقایسه سلامت روانی زنان و مردان فعال و غیرفعال حرکتی در شرایط پاندمی کووید-19 بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش شامل 332 زن و مرد از دو کلان شهر تهران و اصفهان بودند. داده‌های موردنظر با استفاده از پرسش­نامه استرس، اضطراب و افسردگی، پرسش­نامه سلامت عمومی و پرسش­نامه فعالیت بدنی بک جمع‌آوری شد. بر اساس نمره پرسش­نامه فعالیت بدنی بک آزمودنی‌ها به دو گروه زنان و مردان فعال و غیرفعال تقسیم شدند. نتایج حاصل از این پژوهش نشان می‌دهد که بین زنان و مردان فعال و غیرفعال در مؤلفه‌های سلامت روان و خرده مقیاس‌های آن، مؤلفه‌های استرس، اضطراب و افسردگی تفاوت معنادار وجود دارد (05/0≥p). به‌ طور کلی به نظر می‌رسد که از فعالیت بدنی می‌توان به‌عنوان ابزاری جهت ارتقای سطح سلامت جسمی و روانی افراد برای مقابله با این بیماری و عوارض ناشی از شیوع آن استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of Mental Health of Active and Inactive Men and Women in Covid-19 Pandemic Conditions

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehdi Shahbazi 1
  • Forough Radfar 2
  • Kiana Bagherzadeh 3
1 University of Tehran, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Motor Behavior and Sports Psychology
2 University of Tehran, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, PhD Student, Department of Motor Behavior and Sports Psychology.
3 University of Tehran, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Masters Student, Department of Motor Behavior and Sports Psychology.
چکیده [English]

The prevalence of coronavirus and the adoption of methods to combat its spread have different effects on the physical, mental and social health of people in the community. The aim of this study was to compare the mental health and depression rates of active and inactive men and women in the Covid-19 pandemic. The statistical population of this study included 332 men and women from Tehran and Isfahan. The data were collected using the Stress, Anxiety and Depression Questionnaire, the General Health Questionnaire and the Beck Physical Activity Questionnaire. The results of this study show that there is a significant difference between active and inactive men and women in the components of mental health and its subscales, components of stress, anxiety and depression (P≤0/050). In general, it seems that physical activity can be used as a tool to improve the level of physical and mental health of people to deal with this disease and its complications

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Stress
  • Depression
  • Coronavirus disease
  • Mental Health
  • Physical Activity
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