بررسی اثربخشی آموزش ذهن‌آگاهی به شیوه مجازی بر کاهش علائم وسواس فکری-عملی کارکنان ورزشکار بیمارستان شریعتی در بحران کرونا

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مشاوره، گروه آموزشی مشاوره، واحد رودهن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 دکتری مشاوره، گروه آموزشی مشاوره، واحد رودهن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

3 گروه آموزشی مشاوره، واحد رودهن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

4 گروه آموزشی روانشناسی بالینی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان، سنندج، ایران.

5 دانشگاه علوم پزشکی آجا، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

ماهیت شغلی حرفه‌های بهداشتی به‌گونه‌ا‌ی است که کارکنان این مشاغل در معرض عوامل استرس زا و وسواس فکری- عملی گوناگونی قرار می‌دهد. هدف این مطالعه بررسی اثربخشی آموزش ذهن‌آگاهی به شیوه مجازی بر کاهش علائم وسواس فکری- عملی بود. طرح پژوهش حاضر از نوع شبه آزمایشی و طرح پیش‌آزمون- پس‌آزمون با گروه گواه بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش شامل کارکنان ورزشکار بیمارستان شریعتی تهران در سال 99-98 بود. حجم نمونه شامل 30 نفر از این جامعه بود، که به روش نمونه گیری داوطلبانه انتخاب و در دو گروه 15 نفری آزمایش و گواه تقسیم شدند. برای سنجش افکار وسواس فکری- عملی، پرسشنامه مادزلی به کار برده شد. که پس از انتخاب گروه آزمایش و گواه، مداخله آزمایشی(ذهن آگاهی) بر روی گروه آزمایش به مدت 11 جلسه‌ی 60 دقیقه ای (هر جلسه در 2 وقت 30 دقیقه‌ای) اجرا گردید، و پس از اتمام برنامه‌ی آموزشی از هر دو گروه پس آزمون به عمل آمد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها در نرم افزار SPSS نسخه (24) با استفاده از آزمون تحلیل کوواریانس چند متغیره انجام شد و سطح معنی‌داری 05/0 p≤در نظر گرفته شد. آموزش ذهن‌آگاهی بر کاهش نمره کل وسواس فکری- عملی و زیر مقیاس های آن (بازبینی، شستن و تمیز کردن، کندی -تکرار و تردید-دقت) در گروه آزمایش نسبت به گروه گواه شده است (05/0p<). به نظر می-رسد آموزش ذهن‌آگاهی به روش مجازی یک روش موثر برای کاهش وسواس فکری- عملی و ارتقای رفتار خودآگاهی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Effectiveness of Virtual Mindfulness Training on Reducing the Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms of Occupational Health Staff Shariati Hospital in Corona Crisis

نویسندگان [English]

  • rasoul chamanighalandari 1
  • Farideh Dokaneifard 2
  • Pantea Jahangir 3
  • Roonak Rezaei 4
  • Mohammad afshar Ardalan 5
1 PhD Student Counseling, Department of Counseling, Roudehen Branch,Islamic Azad Univeristy, Tehran, Iran
2 Ph.D. Counseling Assistant Professor, Department of Counseling, Roudehen Branch,Islamic Azad Univeristy, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Counseling, Roudehen Branch,Islamic Azad Univeristy, Tehran, Iran.
4 Department of Clinical Psychology, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
5 University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The occupational nature of health care professionals is such that employees in these occupations are exposed to a variety of stressful and obsessive-compulsive factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of virtual mindfulness training on reducing the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive Symptoms. The present research project was quasi-experimental and pre-experimental-post-experimental design with a control group. The statistical population of this study included all health workers of Shariati Hospital in Tehran in 1399. The sample size included 30 people from this community, who were selected by voluntary sampling method and divided into two groups of 30 experiments and control. The Madzley Questionnaire was used to assess obsessive-compulsive disorder. After selecting the experimental and control group, experimental intervention (mindfulness) was performed on the experimental group for 11 sessions of 60 minutes (each session in 2 30-minute periods), and after completing the training program from each Two post-test groups were performed. Data analysis in SPSS software version (24) was performed using multivariate covariance analysis test and the significance level was considered to be p <0.05. Mindfulness training on reducing the total score of intellectual-practical obsession and its subscales (review, washing and cleaning, slowness-repetition and hesitation-accuracy) in the experimental group compared to the control group (p <0.05). Virtual mindfulness training seems to be an effective way to reduce obsessive-compulsive disorder and promote self-awareness behavior.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Virtual teaching
  • Mindfulness
  • Obsessive Compulsive
  • Practical Obsession
 
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