خشونت ورزشی در هواداران فوتبال: نقش هیجان‌خواهی و هوش فرهنگی با میانجی‌گری آستانه تحمل

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه تربیت بدنی، واحد ارومیه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ارومیه، ایران

2 دانشگاه تربیت دبیری شهید رجایی ارومیه

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی نقش هیجان­ خواهی و هوش فرهنگی با میانجی ­گری آستانه تحمل در خشونت ورزشی در هواداران فوتبال انجام شد. روش پژوهش توصیفی-همبستگی بود. از بین کلیه هواداران تیم­ های سپیدرود رشت و نساجی مازندران در لیگ برتر 98-1397، 380 نفر با روش نمونه­ گیری تصادفی ساده انتخاب شد. داده­ ها با پرسش­نامه­ های هیجان­ خواهی زاکرمن، هوش فرهنگی، تحمل پریشانی و خشونت ورزشی جمع­ آوری شد و با روش ­های همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل مسیر تحلیل گردید. نتایج نشان داد بین هیجان ­خواهی و خشونت ورزشی رابطه مثبت و بین هوش فرهنگی و آستانه تحمل با خشونت ورزشی رابطه منفی وجود دارد. همچنین نتایج نشان داد که آستانه تحمل در رابطه هیجان­ خواهی و هوش فرهنگی با خشونت ورزشی نقش میانجی دارد. بر اساس نتایج می ­توان گفت که خشونت ورزشی در هواداران فوتبال متأثر از عوامل روان­شناختی چون هیجان ­خواهی بالای افراد و میزان هوش فرهنگی آنها است که از طریق میزان آستانه تحمل و تحریک­ پذیری آنها میانجی می­ گردد

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Sport Violence in Football Fans: The Role of Sensation Seeking and Cultural Intelligence by Mediating Tolerance Threshold

نویسندگان [English]

  • Akbar Aghazadeh 1
  • Behzad Hosseini 2
  • Hamed Ebadi Barbin 2
1 Department of Physical Education, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran
2 Shahid Rajaei Urmia Secretary of Education
چکیده [English]

This study aimed to investigate the role of sensation seeking and cultural intelligence by mediating the threshold of tolerance in sport violence in football fans. The research method is descriptive-correlational. Among all fans of Sepidrud Rasht and Nasaji Mazandaran teams in the Premier League of 2018-19, 380 were selected by simple random sampling method. Data were collected using Zuckerman's sensation seeking, cultural intelligence, distress tolerance and sport violence questionnaires, and was analyzed using Pearson correlation and path analysis. The results showed that there is a positive relationship between sensation seeking with sport violence, and there is a negative relationship between cultural intelligence and the threshold of tolerance with sport violence. Also, the results showed that the tolerance threshold in the relationship between sensation seeking and cultural intelligence plays a mediating role. Based on the results, it can be said that sport violence in football fans is affected by psychological factors such as the sensation seeking of people and their level of cultural intelligence, which is mediated through their threshold of tolerance and irritability.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sensation Seeking
  • Cultural Intelligence
  • Threshold of Tolerance
  • Sport Violence
  • Football Fans
 
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