تأثیر بازخورد ژنریک و غیرژنریک بر انگیزش درونی و یادگیری حرکتی کودکان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد رفتار حرکتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی

2 استادیار دانشگاه خوارزمی

3 استاد دانشگاه خوارزمی

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر باهدفتعیین اثر بازخورد ژنریک و غیر ژنریک بر انگیزش درونی و یادگیری حرکتی کودکان انجام گرفت. 30 کودک 10 سال به‌طور تصادفی به سه گروه بازخورد ژنریک، بازخورد غیر ژنریک و شاهد تقسیم شدند. مرحلۀ اکتساب شامل 40 کوشش در مدت سه روز بود. پس از آخرین جلسه تمرینی، آزمون اکتساب و  یک روز بعد از آزمون اکتساب، آزمون یادداری و انتقال اول (افزایش فاصله تا هدف) انجام شد. آزمون یادداری و انتقال دوم پس از یک جمله منفی انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد بین گروه‌ها در آزمون اکتساب، یادداری، انتقال اول و یادداری، انتقال دوم تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد، به طوری که انگیزش درونی گروه بازخورد غیر ژنریک به‌طور معناداری بالاتر از گروه بازخورد ژنریک و شاهد بود. در نتیجه انگیزش درونی و یادگیری حرکتی توسط بازخورد غیر ژنریک در مقایسه با بازخورد ژنریک افزایش می‌یابد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Generic and Non-Generic Feedback on Intrinsic Motivation and Motor Learning in Children

نویسندگان [English]

  • Behnam Afshari 1
  • Farhad Ghadiri 2
  • Abbas Bahram 3
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of generic and non-generic feedback on intrinsic motivation and motor learning in children. Thirty children in 10-year were randomly divided into generic‌ and non-generic Feedback and control groups.‌ Acquisition phase consisted  of 40 trials (4 bloks of 10 attepmts) throughout 3 days. An acquisition test was conducted after the last training session. The first retention and transfer (greater target distance) tests were conducted one day later acquisition test. The second retention and transfer tests after one negative statement were conducted. Results showed that there are significance differences between groups in acquisition, first retention and transfer, second retention and transfer tests. Also, results showed that intrinsic motivation scores of non-generic feedback group were significantly better than generic feedback and control groups. In conclusion, intrinsic motivation, and learning were further enhanced by non- generic feedback in comparison with generic feedback and non feedback.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Generic Feedback
  • Non- Generic Feedback
  • Intrinsic motivation
  • Motor Learning
  • Children
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