نقش عامل‏ های نگرش‏ اجتماعی- فرهنگی به ظاهر جسمانی، کمال‌گرایی، و مشکل در نظم ‏بخشی هیجان در پیش ‏بینی علائم و نشانه‏ های کوچک ‏انگاری عضلات

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 روان‌شناسی سلامت، دانشگاه خوارزمی

2 استادیار گروه روان‏شناسی بالینی، دانشگاه علوم بهزیستی و توانبخشی تهران

چکیده

هدف پژوهشِ حاضر، بررسی نقش عامل‏های نگرش اجتماعی- فرهنگی به ظاهر (رسانه‏های جمعی)، کمال‏گرایی، و مشکل در نظم‏بخشی هیجان در پیش‏بینی علائم و نشانه‏های کوچک‏انگاری عضلات بود. در چارچوب طرحی مقطعی، 240 پرورش‏اندام‏کارِ مردِ شهرستان گرگان به روش نمونه‏گیری هدفمند انتخاب و به پرسش‌نامه‏های پژوهش پاسخ دادند. نتایج نشان داد که درونی‏سازی- کلی، اطلاعات، فشارهای اجتماعی، درونی‏سازی- ورزشکار (عامل‏های نگرش‏ اجتماعی- فرهنگی به ظاهر)، دلواپس اشتباهات بودن، انتظارات والدین، سرزنش والدین، تردید داشتن از بابت فعالیت‏ها (عامل‏های کمال‏گرایی)، عدم پذیرش، هدف‏ها، تکانشگری، راهبردها، و وضوح (عامل‏های نظم‏بخشی هیجان) با علائم و نشانه‏های کوچک‏انگاری عضلات ارتباطِ معناداری دارد. تحلیل رگرسیونِ چندگانه نشان داد که درونی‏سازی-کلی، درونی‏سازی- ورزشکار، عدم پذیرش، هدف‏ها، و وضوح می‏توانند تغییرات علائم و نشانه‏های کوچک‏انگاری عضلات را به گونه‏ای معنادار پیش‏بینی کنند. در پژوهش حاضر، ماهیت چندوجهی و اهمیت متغیرهای اجتماعی- فرهنگی، شناختی، و هیجانی، در شکل‏گیری علائم و نشانه‏های کوچک‏انگاری عضلات، مورد تأکید قرار گرفت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Socio-cultural Attitudes Towards Appearance, Perfectionism, and Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Factors in Prediction of Muscle Dysmorphia Symptoms

نویسندگان [English]

  • Saman Nonahal 1
  • Abbas PourShahbaz 2
  • Behrouz Dolatshahi 2
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to examine the role of the socio-cultural attitudes towards appearance, perfectionism, and difficulties in emotion regulation factors in prediction of muscle dysmorphia symptoms. In a cross-sectional design, 240 male body builders of Gorgan city were selected by using purposive sampling and study questionnaires were administered. Results showed that internalization-general, information, pressures, internalization-athletic (factors of socio-cultural attitudes towards appearance), concern over mistakes, parental expectations, parental criticism, doubts about actions (factors of perfectionism), non-acceptance, goals, impulsive, strategies, and clarity (factors of emotion regulation) have a significant relationship with muscle dysmorphia symptoms. Multiple regression analyses showed that internalization-general, internalization-athletic, non-acceptance, goals, and clarity can significantly predict muscle dysmorphia symptoms. Importance and multi-aspect nature of social, cognitive, and emotional variables in formulation of muscle dysmorphia disorder were emphasized in this research.  

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Muscle Dysmorphia
  • Socio-cultural Attitudes Towards Appearance
  • Perfectionism
  • Emotion Regulation
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