اثربخشی مداخلات روان‌شناختی بر کاهش اضطراب صفت رقابتی و ترس از ارزیابی منفی در ورزشکاران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روان‌شناسی ورزش، دانشگاه بین‌المللی امام رضا (ع)

2 استاد دانشگاه جامع امام حسین (ع)

3 دانشیار دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر، بررسی اثربخشی مداخلات روان‌شناختی بر کاهش اضطراب صفت رقابتی و ترس از ارزیابی منفی در ورزشکاران بود. بدین‌منظور نمونه‌ای 90 نفری به صورت در دسترس انتخاب و در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل جای داده شدند. ابزار جمع‌آوری اطلاعات، پرسش‌نامۀ اضطراب رقابتی و مقیاس ترس از ارزیابی منفی بود. پکیج آموزشی مداخلات، در طول 12 جلسۀ 90 دقیقه‌ای بر گروه آزمایش اجرا گردید. نتایج حاصل از تحلیل کوواریانس در کاهش اضطراب صفت نشان داد که تفاوت معناداری بین گروه‌ها وجود دارد، ولی در کاهش ترس از ارزیابی منفی تفاوت معناداری را نشان نداد. به‌طور کلی، نتایج حاکی از تأثیر اجرای مداخلات روان‌شناختی بر کاهش اضطراب رقابتی ورزشکاران می‌باشد و پیشنهاد می‌شود به‌منظور کاهش ترس از ارزیابی منفی ورزشکاران مداخلاتی با تأکید بیشتر بر اصلاح نگرش فرد دربارۀ خود اجرا گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of Psychological Interventions on Reducing Competitive Trait Anxiety and Fear of Negative Evaluation in Athletes

نویسندگان [English]

  • Adele Zehtab Najafi 1
  • Seyed Mohammad Kazem Vaez Moosavi 2
  • Hamidreza Taheri 3
چکیده [English]

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of selected psychological interventions on reducing competitive trait anxiety and fear of negative evaluation in athletes. Using convenience sampling, 90 people were placed in two experimental and control groups. Information collecting tools were Competitive Trait Anxiety Questionnaire and Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale. The educational package was conducted through 12 ninety-minute sessions in the experimental group. Analysis of covariance results in reducing competitive trait anxiety revealed that there was a significant difference between groups, but analysis of covariance results in reducing fear of negative evaluation had no significant difference. In all, performance of psychological interventions is effective on reducing competitive anxiety in athletes and in order to reduce fear of negative evaluation in athletes, it is essential to design the interventions with more emphasis on correcting the self- attitude.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Psychological Interventions
  • Competitive Anxiety
  • Fear of Negative Evaluation
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