تأثیر انگیزه‌ها و ادراک موفقیت بر تداوم فعالیت های ورزشی چالش‌برانگیز

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران

2 کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه تهران

3 استادیار مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش بررسی تأثیر انگیزه‌ها و ادراک موفقیت بر تداوم فعالیت ورزشی چالش‌برانگیز در ورزشکاران رکورددار بود. حرکات ورزشی چالشی به فعالیت‌های بدنی عجیب، غیرمعمول و رقابتی که الزاماً جزء رشته‌های ورزشی رسمی هم نیستند، گفته می‌شود. برای این پژوهش از جامعۀ 150 نفری ورزشکاران رکورددار، 111 نفر پرسشنامه‌های انگیزه‌های ورزشی گیل و همکاران (۱۹۸۳)، ادراک موفقیت رابرتز و همکاران (۱۹۹۸) و پرسشنامه محقق ساخته تداوم فعالیت ورزشی را تکمیل نمودند. داده‌های جمع‌آوری‌شده از پرسش‌نامه‌ها با رویکرد حداقل مربعات جزئی تحلیل شد و مناسب بودن شاخص‌های برازش مدل‌های اندازه‌گیری تأیید شد. نتایج نشان داد تأثیر ادراک موفقیت بر تداوم فعالیت در افراد رکورددار بیشتر از انگیزه‌ها است و این دو متغیر توانسته‌اند ۴۴٫۸ درصد از واریانس تداوم فعالیت ورزشی را تبیین نمایند. تأثیر بیشتر ادراک موفقیت می‌تواند کاربرد وسیعی برای برنامه ریزان فعالیت‌های ورزشی داشته باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Impact of Motives and Perception of Success on Continuity of Challenging Sports Activity

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ehsan Mohamadi Torkamani 1
  • Ebrahim Qanbari 2
  • Qodratullah Bagheri 3
1 Phd Student of Sport Managment, Tehran University
2 M.A. of Sport Managment, Tehran University
3 Assistant Professor of Sport Management, Tehran University
چکیده [English]

This research aimed to evaluate the impact of motives and perception of success on activity continuity among record owners of challenging sports. Challenging sports are strange, unusual and competitive physical activities that have not necessarily included in an official athletic field. For this research, 111 out of 150 record owner athletes completed the questionnaires of athletic motives' questionnaire (Gill et al., 1983), perception of success questionnaire (Roberts et al., 1998) and researcher-made questionnaire of continuity of sports activity. The collected data from questionnaires was analyzed by partial least squares approach and appropriateness of Fitness indexes measurement models was confirmed. Results showed that the impact of Perception of Success on activity Continuity in record owner is higher than motives impact and these two variables have explained the 44.8 % of the variance in activity Continuity. The more impact the perception of success could have been used extensively for planners sporting activities.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Motives
  • Perception of Success
  • Record Owners
  • Sports Commitment
  • Challenging Sports Activity
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