تأثیر برنامه ذهن آگاهی بر اضطراب، خودکارآمدی و عملکرد ورزشکاران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه تربیت بدنی، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه تربیت بدنی، واحد تهران شمال، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف تأثیر ذهن­ آگاهی بر اضطراب، خودکارآمدی و عملکرد ورزشی تیراندازان مرد انجام شد. روش مطالعه حاضر نیمه­ تجربی با طرح پیش ­آزمون- پس ­آزمون با گروه کنترل بود. از بین کلیه تیراندازان مرد شهر گرگان در سال 1396 که در مسابقات تیراندازی شرکت کرده بودند، تعداد 30 تیرانداز در دامنه سنی 19 تا 30 سال به­ صورت تصادفی ساده در دو گروه 15 نفره گمارش شدند. برنامه آموزشی شامل 6 جلسه 90-75 دقیقه­ ای تمرین ذهن­ آگاهی/شرایط کنترل بود. از پرسش­نامه اضطراب حالتی-رقابتی، خودکارآمدی عمومی و مقیاس عملکرد در تیراندازی برای ارزیابی استفاده شد. داده ­ها با آزمون تحلیل کواریانس تک ­متغیره و چند متغیره تحلیل شدند. نتایج نشان داد مداخله ذهن­ آگاهی باعث کاهش اضطراب و افزایش خودکارآمدی و مؤلفه ­های آن (میل به آغازگری رفتار، میل به گسترش تلاش، رؤیارویی با موانع) و بهبود عملکرد ورزشی می ­شود. بر اساس یافته ­های پژوهش می ­توان گفت که مداخلات ذهن­ آگاهی یکی از روش­ های مؤثر در بهبود عملکرد ورزشکاران است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Mindfulness Protocol on Anxiety, Self-Efficacy and Performance of Athletes

نویسندگان [English]

  • Elham Bagheri 1
  • Amir Dana 2
1 Department of Physical Education, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
2 Associated of Professor, Department of Physical Education, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Ìran.
چکیده [English]

Present study aimed to investigate the effect of mindfulness protocol on anxiety, self-efficacy and performance of male shooters. The present study was a semi-experimental with design two groups of pretest-posttest with control group. Of all male shooters in Gorgan, in 2012, 30 shooters ranged in age from 19 to 30 years, randomly assigned to two groups of 15. The training program included six sessions of 75-90 minutes of Mindfulness / Control, and the state-competitive anxiety inventory, general self-efficacy and performance scale in shooting were used for evaluation, and data were analyzed using Analysis of Covariance and Multivariate Analysis of Covariance. The results showed that the intervention of mindfulness reduced anxiety and increased self-efficacy and its components (desire to initiate behavior, desire to expand the effort, encounter obstacles) and improve exercise performance. According to the findings of this study, mindfulness interventions are one of the effective methods for improving athletes' performance

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Mindfulness
  • Anxiety
  • Self-Efficacy
  • Sport Performance
  • Athletic

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