پیش‌بینی تصویر بدن ایده‌آل رده‎ های مختلف سنی زنان بر اساس انعطاف‌پذیری تصویر بدنی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی دانشگاه دامغان، دامغان، ایران

2 استادیار گروه علوم ورزشی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه دامغان، دامغان، ایران.

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش، بررسی تصویر بدن ادراک شده و ایده‌آل در رده‌های سنی مختلف زنان و مطالعه نقش انعطاف ­پذیری تصویر بدنی بود. این پژوهش از نوع ارتباطی و علی‌ مقایسه‌ای بود و 345 نفر از زنان در استان­ های خراسان، سمنان و البرز در این پژوهش مشارکت کردند. تصویر بدن ایده‌آل و تصویر بدن ادراک شده بر اساس مقیاس تصویری استانکارد و همکاران (1983) و بدن واقعی از طریق محاسبه شاخص توده بدن اندازه‌ گیری شد. همچنین انعطاف ­پذیری تصویر بدنی از طریق پرسشنامه انعطاف­ پذیری تصویر بدنی ساندوز و همکاران (2013) اندازه ­گیری شد. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد در حال حاضر انتخاب بدن ایده ­آل زنان با واقعیت و شرایط کنونی آنها فاصله دارد. زنان در ادراک صحیح بدن خود و با شدت بیشتر در ادراک صحیح بدن ایده ال خود درست عمل نمی‌کنند. اثر سن و وزن تا حدی در انتخاب نمایه ایده‌آل تأثیر گذار بوده است، با این وجود، تقریباً همه زنان بدن لاغرتر از بدن ادراک شده خود را به عنوان بدن ایده‌آل انتخاب کرده‌اند.سه متغیر "بدن واقعی"، "بدن ادراک­شده" و "بدن ایده­ آل" در دوره­ های سنی نوجوانی و جوانی تفاوت معناداری با دوره ­های بزرگسالی و میانسالی دارد. انعطاف­ پذیری تصویر بدنی، پیش­بینی کننده معنادار تصویر بدن ایده­ آل است و افراد منعطف ­تر، بدن ایده ­آل واقع‌ بینانه‌ تری را انتخاب می­ کنند. ایجاد انعطاف ­پذیری مثبت از تصویر بدنی و انتخاب بدن ایده­ آل واقع بینانه به زنان گروه­ های سنی مختلف کمک می‌کند تا رویکردهای تمرینی متناسب‌ خود را انتخاب نمایند. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Ideal Body Image and Perceived Body Image in Different Age Groups of Women: The Role of Body Image Flexibility

نویسندگان [English]

  • Bita Arabnarmi 1
  • Hesam Ramezanzade 2
1 Assistant Professor, School of Humanities, Department of Sport Science, Damghan University, Damghan, Iran
2 Assisstant Professor, Department of Sport Science, School of Humanities, Damghan University, Damghan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to assess the ideal and perceived body image in different age groups of women by considering body image flexibility. 345 women in Khorasan, Semnan and Alborz provinces participated in this research. Ideal body image and perceived body image were measured using a silhouette of body figures representing in 10 categories. Actual body was measured through body mass index (BMI). Also, body image flexibility was measured by Sandoz et al (2013) questionnaire. Results showed that the choice women’s ideal body is far from the reality and their current condition. In perception of their own body, more intense in selecting the ideal body, women do not function properly. Also age and weight has partially affected the choice of the ideal profile. Almost all women chose a slimmer profile than their perceived body as an ideal body. In all three variables, "actual body", "perceived body" and "ideal body", there were significant differences between younger and older ages. Body image flexibility is a significant predictor of the ideal body image, and women with more flexible body image choose a closer body image to reality. Create positive flexibility of body image and a realistic choice of the ideal body helps women of different age groups to choose their appropriate exercise approaches

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • body image flexibility
  • actual body
  • age groups
  • ideal body
  • Perceived Body


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