تأثیر نوع سیستم‌های مغزی رفتاری بر سلامت روان‌شناختی ورزشکاران و غیرورزشکاران: بررسی نقش جنسیت

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه رفتار حرکتی دانشکده تربیت بدنی دانشگاه الزهرا(س)

2 استادیار گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه شهیدبهشتی تهران، ایران

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد دانشگاه الزهرا تهران

4 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد رفتار حرکتی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه شهیدبهشتی تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر نوع سیستم مغزی رفتاری بر سلامت روان‌شناختی ورزشکار و غیر ورزشکار بود. شرکت­ کنندگان پژوهش حاضر را 312 نفر از دختران و پسران با دامنه سنی 37-18 سال تشکیل داد. بعد از بررسی نوع سیستم شخصیتی و جنسیت و در نظر داشتن سطح فعالیت در 8 گروه قرار گرفتند. یافته­ ها نشان داد شرکت کننده های با سیستم فعال ساز رفتاری افسردگی، اضطراب و استرس پایین­تری نسبت به شرکت ­کنندگان با سیستم بازداری رفتاری داشتند (05/0p <). پسران نسبت به دختران از سلامت روان‌ شناختی بالاتری برخوردار بودند (05/0p <). دختران غیر ورزشکار با سیستم بازداری رفتاری، بیشترین میزان افسردگی، اضطراب و استرس و پسران و دختران ورزشکار با سیستم فعال‌ ساز رفتاری کمترین میزان افسردگی، اضطراب و استرس را داشتند (05/0p <). در نتیجه می ­توان اظهار نمود ورزش و سیستم شخصیتی فعال‌ساز رفتاری باعث می ­شود دختران و پسران از سلامت روان‌شناختی بالاتری برخوردار باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Type of Behavioral Brain Systems on the Psychological Health of Athletes and Non-Athletes: Gender Moderator Role

نویسندگان [English]

  • parvane shamsipour 1
  • mahin agdai 2
  • raziyeh sajedi 3
  • mahtab heydari 4
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Alzahra University,Tehran,Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Shahid Beheshti
3 alzahra university
4 Department of Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Shahid BeheshtiUniversity,Tehran,Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of type of behavioral brain system on athletic and non-athletic psychological health. Participants included 312 boys and girls aged between 18 and 37 years old. After examining the type of personality and gender system and considering the level of activity in 8 groups. Multivariate analysis of variance analysis showed that participants with behavioral activation system had depression, anxiety and stress less than participants with behavioral inhibition system (p <0.05). Boys had higher psychological health than girls (p <0.05). Non-athlete girls with behavioral inhibition system had the highest rates of depression, anxiety and stress and boys and girls with behavioral activation system had the lowest level of depression, anxiety and stress (p <0.05). As a result, it can be stated that exercise and behavioral activating personality system make boys and girls more psychologically healthy.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Behavioral Activation
  • Behavioral Inhibition
  • Gender
  • Psychological Health
  • Sport
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