تأثیر تمرینات پیلاتس، تی.آر.ایکس و ترکیبی بر تحکیم حافظة حرکتی زنان میان‌سال: دورة پیگیری یک ماهه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد رفتار حرکتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران شمال، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار پژوهشگاه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی

3 دانشیار و مدیر گروه تربیت بدنی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی اصفهان

چکیده

هدف کلی پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر تمرینات پیلاتس، تی.آر.ایکس و ترکیبی بر تحکیم حافظة حرکتی و دورة پیگیری یک ماهه بود. در یک طرح نیمه تجربی تعداد 40 زن میان­سال با دامنة سنی 30 تا 50 سال و بدون داشتن سابقة انجام تمرینات پیلاتس و تی.آر.ایکس به طور در دسترس انتخاب و به طور تصادفی به چهار گروه تی.آر.ایکس، پیلاتس، ترکیبی (تی.آر.ایکس + پیلاتس) و کنترل تقسیم شدند. در مرحلة پیش آزمون تمامی گروه­ها یک ایپوک 5 بلوک تمرینی (هر بلوک شامل 10 مرتبه اجرای الگوی هشت آیتمی2R4R3R1R) آزمون زمان عکس‌العمل زنجیره‌ای متناوب ‌را انجام دادند. سپس گروه‌های تجربی به مدت هشت هفته، هر هفته سه جلسه و هر جلسه 60 دقیقه تمرینات مخصوص به خود را انجام دادند. آزمودنی‌های گروه کنترل نیز در این دوره زمانی تمرینات روزمره خود را داشتند. بلافاصله پس از پایان جلسات تمرین، پس آزمون و یک ماه بعد آزمون پیگیری مشابه با پیش آزمون به عمل آمد. برای تحلیل مراحل مختلف پژوهش، از آزمون‌های آماری تحلیل واریانس یک راهه و آزمون‌ تعقیبی توکی در سطح معناداری 0.05p < استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد تمرینات پیلاتس و ترکیبی در پس آزمون و تمرینات پیلاتس در دورة پیگیری یک ماهه بر تحکیم حافظة حرکتی زنان میان‌سال تأثیر معناداری دارد. با توجه به نتایج پژوهش حاضر می‌توان نتیجه گرفت انجام تمرین پیلاتس باعث ارتقای تحکیم حافظه حرکتی زنان میان‌سال می‌شود. در خصوص تأثیر فعالیت‌ هوازی (مانند تمرین پیلاتس) بر تحکیم حافظة حرکتی، بحث‌های زیادی مطرح شده است. اگر چه محققان اظهار نموده‌اند ساز و کارهای زیربنایی آن به‌طور قطعی مشخص نشده است، اما فرض بر این است در پی انجام فعالیت هوازی تغییرات مهمی در مغز انسان رُخ می‌دهد. بنابراین این عوامل برای حفظ عملکرد شناختی و ارتقای تحکیم حافظه مؤثر هستند که احتمالاً تمرینات پیلاتس تأثیر بیشتری بر آنها دارد

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Pilates, TRX and Combination Exercises on the Motor Memory Consolidation among Middle-Aged Women: One-Month Follow-Up Period

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farideh Azarpay 1
  • Amir Shams 2
  • Mahdi NamaziZadeh 3
1 Islamic Azad University,Tehran North Branch,
2 SSRC
3 Islamic Azad University
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Pilates, TRX, and combination exercises on motor memory consolidation and a one-month follow-up period. In a semi-experimental project, 40 middle-aged women aged 30 to 50 years old, without having a history of Pilates and TRX exercises, were available selected and randomly divided into four groups, such as TRX, Pilates, Combination (TRX + Pilates), and Control. In the pre-test phase, all groups performed an epoch of 5 practice blocks (each block containing 10 times the implementation of the 8-item 2R4R3R1R pattern). The experimental groups then practiced for eight weeks, three sessions each week, and 60 minutes of each session. The subjects in the control group also had their daily exercises during this period. Immediately after the end of the training sessions, a post-test and a month later, a follow-up test similar to the pre-test was performed. To analyze the different stages of the research, the one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey Post-Hoc tests were used at a significance level of p < 0.05. The results showed that Pilates and combination exercises in post-test and Pilates exercise in a one-month follow-up period had a significant effect on the motor memory consolidation among middle-aged women. Based on the results of previous studies and the findings of the present study, it can be concluded that Pilates exercise improves motor memory consolidation in middle-aged people. There has been much discussion about the effect of aerobic activity (such as Pilates exercise) on motor memory consolidation. Although researchers have stated that its underlying mechanisms have not been conclusively determined, it is assumed that significant changes in the human brain occur following aerobic exercise. Therefore, these factors are effective in maintaining cognitive function and promoting memory consolidation, which is probably more affected by Pilate’s exercises

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Combined Exercise
  • Pilates Exercise
  • TRX Exercise
  • Motor Memory Consolidation
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