تأثیر مشاهده، تصویرسازی و اجرای حرکت بر فعالیت سیستم عصبی خودکار و توانایی تصویرسازی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه آموزشی رفتار حرکتی - دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی- تهران- ایران

2 مدیر گروه آموزشی رفتار حرکتی - دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی- تهران- ایران

3 کارشناسی ارشد رفتار حرکتی- گروه آموزشی رفتار حرکتی - دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی- تهران- ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر مشاهده، تصویرسازی و اجرای حرکت بر شاخص ‎های روان‎ فیزیولوژیک و توانایی تصویرسازی بود. شرکت­ کنندگان به چهار گروه 10 نفره (تصویرسازی جنبشی حرکت، تصویرسازی بینایی حرکت، مشاهده حرکت و اجرای حرکت) تقسیم شدند. در پیش ­آزمون، شرکت­کنندگان، بندهای پرسش­نامه تصویرسازی حرکتی اصلاح شده را تصویرسازی کردند. حین تصویرسازی، شاخص­ های روان ‎فیزیولوژیک آنها ثبت شد. شرکت­ کنندگان سهولت تصویرسازی را بر اساس همین پرسش­نامه رتبه ­بندی کردند و به ­مدت سه روز بر اساس گروه تمرینی خود به تمرین پرداختند. پس­آزمون همانند پروتکل پیش ­آزمون اجرا شد. آزمون تحلیل کوواریانس یک ­متغیره نشان داد تفاوت معناداری بین نمرات متغیرهای دمای سطحی پوست، ضربان قلب و ریتم تنفس وجود دارد. از سوی دیگر اختلاف معناداری در توانایی تصویرسازی چهار گروه در پس­ آزمون وجود نداشت. بنابراین به نظر می­ رسد هر چهار روش به یک میزان در توانایی تصویرسازی اثرگذار هستند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Action Observation, Imagery and Execution on Autonomic Nervous System Activity and Imagery Ability

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farzaneh Hatami 1
  • Golamreza lotfi 2
  • niloufar khademi 3
1 motor behavior department, Shahid Rajaee teacher training university, Tehran, Iran
2 head of motor behavior department, Shahid Rajaee teacher training university, Tehran, Iran
3 M.A of motor behavior department, Shahid Rajaee teacher training university, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Our study aims to identify the effect of observation, imagery and execution on selected psychophysiological indices and imagery ability. The participants were categorized into four groups (action kinesthetic imagery, action visual imagery, action observation and action execution). at pretest, the participants imagined each revised movement imagery questionnaire items. During imagery, their psychophysiological indices were recorded. Participants rated ease of imaging based on this questionnaire and did their exercises for three sequence days according to their groups. The post-test was performed as the pre-test protocol. The univariate covariance analysis test revealed significant differences between the score in variables of skin temperature level, heart beat and breathing rhythm but there was no clear advantage for a specific group. On the other hand, there were no significant differences between four groups in the ability to visualize at posttest. Therefore, it seems that all four methods are equally effective in the imagery ability.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Functional Equivalence
  • Imagery Ability
  • Autonomic Nervous System
  • Psychophysiological Indices


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