واکاوی نقش مؤلفه‌های سرمایة روان‌شناختی بر توسعة مشارکت ورزشی جانبازان و معلولین جمهوری اسلامی ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه مدیریت ورزشی، واحد قشم، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قشم، ایران

2 استادیار گروه مدیریت ورزشی، واحد قشم، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قشم، ایران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر واکاوی نقش مؤلفه­ های سرمایة روان‌ شناختی بر توسعة مشارکت ورزشی جانبازان و معلولین ایران بود. پژوهش به صورت آمیخته (کیفی–کمی) بود. جامعة آماری پژوهش شامل اساتید دانشگاه آشنا با ورزش معلولین، معلولین ورزشکار و مدیران و کارشناسان ورزش معلولین می‌شوند. این افراد، به صورت هدفمند برای مصاحبه ‌های کیفی در موضوع پژوهش انتخاب گردید (15 نفر و تا حد اشباع نظری ادامه یافت). در بخش دوم (کمی)، پرسش‌نامه در بین معلولین شهر تهران توزیع گردید (384 نفر). برای جمع آوری اطلاعات از پرسش‌نامة تاب­آوری کانر- دیویدسون (2003)، پرسش‌نامة خوش­بینی شییر و کارور (1985)، پرسش‌نامة خودکارآمدی شوآرتزر و جروسلم (1995) و پرسش‌نامة امیدواری اشنایدر (1991) استفاده شد. پرسش‌نامة توسعه مشارکت در ورزش همگانی شامل 24 گویه در دو مؤلفة اصلی عوامل روانی و جسمانی و عوامل اجتماعی تدوین شد. برای تحلیل داده ها از شاخص ­های کشیدگی و چولگی به منظور بررسی توزیع داده­ ها استفاده شد. برای بررسی و پاسخ به سئوالات پژوهش در ابتدا از نرم افزار Max QDA نسخة Pro و در ادامه به منظور بررسی وضعیت جمعیت ­شناختی، رسم و تدوین مدل اندازه­ گیری و مدل ساختاری به ترتیب از نرم­ افزارهای اس ­پی ­اس ­اس نسخة 24، پی­ال­اس نسخة0/2 استفاده شد. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد تاب ­آوری، خوش­ بینی، خودکارآمدی و امیدواری بر توسعة مشارکت در ورزش همگانی جانبازان و معلولان تأثیر معناداری دارد. این نتایج می ­تواند به منظور آماده سازی معلولان و جانبازان برای حضور پایدار در فعالیت ورزشی مثمر ثمر واقع شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of the Role of Psychological Capital Components on Development of Sports Participation of Veterans and the Disabled in Islamic Republic of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Davood mahdinejad 1
  • Mehdi Savadi 2
  • Hamid Reza Saibani 2
1 PhD Student, Department of Sports Management, Qeshm Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qeshm, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Sports Management, Qeshm Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qeshm, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of psychological capital components on the development of sports participation of veterans and the disabled in Iran. The research was mixed (qualitative-quantitative). The statistical population of the study includes university professors' familiar with sports for the disabled, athletes with disabilities, and managers and experts in sports for the disabled. These individuals were purposefully selected for qualitative interviews on the subject of research (15 people and continued to the point of theoretical saturation). And in the second part (quantitative), the questionnaire was distributed among the disabled in Tehran (384 people). The Conner-Davidson (2003) Resilience Questionnaire, Shearer and Carver (1985) Optimism Questionnaire, Schwarzer and Jerusalem Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (1995) and Schneider (1991) Hopefulness Questionnaire were used to collect data. The questionnaire for the development of participation in public sports, including 24 items, was developed in two main components: psychological and physical factors and social factors. To analyze the data, elongation and skewness indices are used to examine the data distribution, and to review and answer the research questions, first the Max QDA Pro version software and then to examine the demographic status, drawing and modeling. Measurement and structural modeling of SPSS software version 24 and PLS version 0.2 were used. The results showed that resilience, optimism, self-efficacy and hope have a significant effect on the development of participation in public sports for veterans and the disabled. These results can be fruitful in order to prepare the disabled and veterans for a sustainable presence in sports activities.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Psychological Capital
  • Sports Participation
  • veterans and the disabled

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