بررسی عوامل مؤثر روانی بر موفقیت و شکست ورزشکاران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد سنندج، سنندج، ایران

2 استادیار دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد سنندج، سنندج، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه مدیریت ورزشی، واحد سنندج ، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، سنندج، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی عوامل مؤثر روانی بر موفقیت و شکست ورزشکاران طراحی و اجرا گردید. روش پژوهش به صورت پیمایشی بود. جامعه آماری شامل ورزشکاران حرفه ای مرد در رشته های گروهی در استان ­های غرب کشور بود که اطلاعات کامل و دقیقی از آنان در دسترس نبود. بدین منظور، بر حسب انتخاب در دسترس تعداد 200 نفر از این افراد به عنوان نمونه پژوهش مشخص شدند. در نهایت پس از پخش و جمع آوری پرسش‌نامه­ های پژوهش تعداد 172 پرسش‌نامه مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. ابزار پژوهش، پرسش‌نامه محقق­ ساخته ­ای بود. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد در کل تعداد 24 مؤلفه شناسایی شده در 4 دسته عوامل شامل مسائل انگیزشی، جنبه ­های محیطی، مسائل فردی و مسائل اجرایی دسته ­بندی شدند. به عبارتی توجه به مسائل انگیزشی، جنبه ­های محیطی، مسائل فردی و مسائل اجرایی می­ تواند در شکل ­گیری موفقیت ­ها و شکست ­های ورزشکاران تأثیرگذار باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Effective Psychological Factors on the Success and Failure of Athletes

نویسندگان [English]

  • zahed Mohammadi 1
  • Mozhgan Khodamorad Poor 2
  • Mozafar Yektayar 3
  • samira Ali abadi 2
1 PhD Student in Sport Management, Islamic Azad University Sanandaj Branch, Sanandaj, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Islamic Azad University Sanandaj Branch, Sanandaj, Iran
3 Assistant Professor of Sport Management, Sanandaj Branch,Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj, Iran
چکیده [English]

The present study was designed and conducted to investigate the psychological factors affecting the success and failure of athletes. The research method was survey. The statistical population included male professional athletes in group disciplines in the western provinces of Iran that complete and accurate information of them was not available. For this purpose, according to the available selection, 200 of these people were identified as the research sample. Finally, after distributing and collecting research questionnaires, 172 questionnaires were analyzed. The research tool included a researcher-made questionnaire. The results showed that a total of 24 identified components were classified into 4 categories of factors including motivational issues, environmental aspects, individual issues and executive issues. In other words, paying attention to motivational issues, environmental aspects, personal issues and executive issues can be effective in shaping the successes and failures of athletes.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • psychological
  • Success
  • Failure
  • athlete
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