مدل یابی کیفیت رابطۀ مربی ورزشکار بر اساس کمال گرایی مربیان: نقش واسطه ای بخشش و رفتار کنترلی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 روانشناسی ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 گروه رفتار حرکتی و روانشناسی ورزشی ، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی ، دانشگاه تهران ، تهران ، ایران

3 استاد، گروه روانشناسی سلامت، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

4 گروه رفتار حرکتی و روانشناسی ورزشی ، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

5 دانشیار، گروه رفتار حرکتی و روانشناسی ورزشی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش مدل­یابی کیفیت رابطۀ مربی-ورزشکار بر اساس کمال ­گرایی مربیان با واسطه ‌گری بخشش و رفتار کنترلی بود. در این پژوهش 270 مربی شرکت و مقیاس­ه ای کمال­ گرایی، بخشش، رفتار کنترلی و کیفیت رابطه را تکمیل کردند. ارزیابی الگوی پیشنهادی از طریق مدل‌ یابی معادلات ساختاری انجام گرفت.نتایج نشان داد کمال ­گرایی بر کیفیت رابطۀ مربی ورزشکار تأثیر منفی دارد. نتایج همچنین نشان داد بخشش بر کیفیت رابطه مربی تأثیر مثبتی دارد، اما تأثیر رفتار کنترلی بر کیفیت رابطۀ مربی ورزشکار منفی بود. نتایج تحلیل مسیر نشان داد بخشش و رفتار کنترلی در رابطۀ بین کمال ­گرایی و کیفیت رابطه نقش واسطه ­ای معناداری ایفاء می­کنند و با ورود این عوامل جهت رابطۀ کمال ­گرایی با کیفیت رابطه معکوس (مثبت) می ­شود. بر اساس یافته ­های پژوهش حاضر رابطۀ بین کمال ­گرایی و کیفیت رابطه در مربیان یک رابطۀ خطی ساده نیست، بلکه متغیرهای بخشش و رفتار کنترلی در این رابطه نقش واسطه­ ای مهمی دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Modeling the Quality of the Coach-Athlete Relationship Based on Coaches Perfectionism: the Mediating Role of Forgiveness and Controlling Behavior

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sahar Zarei 1
  • hassan Gharayagh Zandi 2
  • Mohammad Ali Besharat 3
  • Davoud Houminiyan sharif abadi 4
  • fazlolah bagherzadeh 5
1 Sports Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Motor Behavior and Sport Psychology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 Professor, Department of Health Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Motor Behavior and Sport Psychology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
5 Associate Professor, Department of Motor Behavior and Sports Psychology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to examine a model of Coach-athlete relationship quality based on coaches’ perfectionism and verifying mediating role of forgiveness and controlling behavior. in this study A total of 270 coaches completed four scales: Perfectionism, Forgiveness, Controlling Behavior, and Quality of Relationship. The proposed model was evaluated using structural equation model. Result revealed that coaches’ perfectionism negatively predicted quality relationships with their athletes. Results also revealed that coaches’ forgiveness positively predicted quality relationships but coaches’ controlling behaviors negatively predicted quality relationships toward their athletes. The results of path analysis revealed that the relationship between coaches’ perfectionism and the relationship quality toward their athletes were mediated by forgiveness and controlling behaviors, and Perfectionism was inversely (positive) related to relationship quality with the entry of these mediators. its concluded that relationship between perfectionism and quality relationships is not a simple linear one, but other variables such as forgiveness and coaching behaviors play a mediating role in this relationship.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Perfectionism
  • Dispositional Forgiveness
  • Coach–athlete relationship
  • Coach Effectiveness
  • Self-determined motivation

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