نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه تربیت بدنی، واحد دهاقان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، دهاقان، ایران

2 گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشگاه تبریز، ایران

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش بررسی مشابهت و یا تفاوت مکانیسم‌های زیربنایی تمرین جسمانی و ذهنی بود. به این منظور 60 نفر در این پژوهش شرکت کردند که به‌صورت تصادفی به سه گروه تمرین جسمانی، تمرین جسمانی و تصویرسازی بخش­بخش و تمرین جسمانی و تصویرسازی کل تقسیم شدند. تکلیف هدف در این پژوهش یک برنامه ژیمناستیک بود. این‌گونه استدلال شد که اگر تمرین جسمانی و تصویرسازی مکانیسم‌های مشابهی داشته باشند باید تمرین ذهنی بخش­بخش نسبت به تمرین ذهنی کل منجر به یادگیری بهتری برای این تکلیف گردد. بر اساس گروه­بندی ذکرشده شرکت ­کنندگان به مدت دو روز (هر روز 40 کوشش) به تمرین پرداختند. 72 ساعت بعد آزمون یادداری انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد که تمرین ذهنی بخش­بخش نسبت به تمرین ذهنی کل اثربخشی بیشتری برای یادگیری این تکلیف دارد و عملکرد گروه تصویرسازی کل نسبت به تمرین جسمانی محض ضعیف ­تر بود. این نتایج نشان‌دهنده مشابه بودن مکانیسم‌های زیربنایی تمرین جسمانی و ذهنی هستند

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Addressing the Similarity and Differences of Physical and Mental Practice

نویسندگان [English]

  • Azam Fathizadan 1
  • Nazli Ilchizadeh 2

1 Department of Physical Education, Dehaghan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Dehaghan, Iran

2 Department of Motor Behavior, The University of Tabriz, Iran

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to examine the similarity and/or differences of underlying mechanisms of physical and mental practice. For this purpose, 60 persons were participated in this study which randomly divided into three physical practice, physical practice and mental part practice, and physical practice and whole mental practice groups. The goal task in this study was a gymnastic routine. It was argued that if physical practice and mental practice have similar underlying mechanisms then mental part practice should be more effective for learning this task than whole mental practice. According to the grouping, participants practiced the task for two days (40 trials each). 72 hours later retention test was performed. Results showed that the mental part practice was more effective for learning this task than mental whole practice and performance of this group was lower than pure physical practice group. These results showed the similarity of underlying mechanisms of physical and mental practice

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Physical Practice
  • Mental Practice
  • Gymnastic
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