نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد، گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، ایران

2 . دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد، گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه الزهرا (س)، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار مدیریت ورزشی، گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکده علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه الزهرا (س)، تهران، ایران

چکیده

سواد بدنی موضوعی مهم در مسیر حفظ سلامت فردی و اجتماعی است. فردی دارای سواد بدنی است که روحیه و انگیزه لازم برای فعالیت‌های بدنی را داشته باشد. هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی ارتباط اعتماد به ‌نفس با انگیزه آموزش فعالیت بدنی: نقش واسطه‌ای سواد بدنی بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش شامل معلمان تربیت‌بدنی مقطع ابتدایی (معلمان عمومی و تخصصی تربیت‌بدنی) استان خوزستان بود. نمونه آماری به دلیل گسترده بودن در ابتدا به روش تصادفی خوشه‌ای چهار شهر اهواز، بهبهان، مسجدسلیمان و دزفول (790=N) انتخاب شدند. سپس با استناد به جدول کرجسی و مورگان (258=n) نفر به‌صورت تصادفی انتخاب شدند. برای جمع­­­ آوری داده‌ها از سه پرسش‌نامه اعتماد به ‌نفس آموزش تربت­بدنی اسپیتل (2015)، پرسش‌نامه سواد بدنی چوی و همکاران (2020) و پرسش‌نامه انگیزه آموزش فعالیت­ بدنی اسپیتل (2015) استفاده شد. برای تجزیه ‌و تحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون‌های همبستگی پیرسون و مدلسازی معادلات ساختاری استفاده شد. یافته‌ها نشان داد اعتماد به ‌نفس معلمان با انگیزه آنان برای آموزش تربیت‌بدنی رابطه معنا­داری داشت (434/0) و اعتماد به ‌نفس معلمان با سواد بدنی آنان رابطه معنا­داری داشت (591/0). همچنین سواد بدنی معلمان با انگیزه آنان برای آموزش تربیت‌بدنی رابطه معناداری داشت (383/0)، و درنهایت اعتماد به ‌نفس با انگیزه معلمان ورزش مقطع ابتدایی برای آموزش تربیت‌بدنی با نقش واسطه‌ای سواد بدنی رابطه معناداری داشت که 69 درصد اثر کل اعتمادبه‌نفس معلمان بر انگیزه آموزش تربیت‌بدنی از طریق غیرمستقیم توسط متغیر میانجی سواد بدنی تبیین می‌شود. با توجه به اهمیت ارائه آموزش تربیت‌بدنی باکیفیت در سطح دبستان و اینکه سواد بدنی پایه و اساس آشنایی با مهارت‌های رفتاری و حرکتی، آمادگی جسمانی، آگاهی، دانش و درک سالم زیستن و تقویت فرصت تفریحات بدنی به­ شمار می­ رود، پیشنهاد می‌شود از معلمان متخصص و با سطح سواد بدنی بالا برای تدریس درس تربیت‌بدنی در مقطع ابتدایی استفاده شود

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationship Between Self-Confidence and Motivation for Physical Activity Training: The Mediating Role of Physical Literacy

نویسندگان [English]

  • sadegh soltani 1
  • somaye hosseini 2
  • Maryam Mokhtari Dinani 3

1 Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz

2 Alzahra university

3 Faculty Member of Sport Management Dep. at the Alzahra University

چکیده [English]

Received:
12 Jul 2021
 
Accepted:
09 Oct 2021
 
Keywords:
self-confidence, physical activity, educational motivation, physical literacy




Physical literacy is an important issue in maintaining personal and social health. A person is physically literate who has the necessary spirit and motivation for physical activities. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between self-confidence and motivation for physical activity training: the mediating role of physical literacy. The statistical population of the study included primary school physical education teachers (general and specialized physical education teachers) in Khuzestan province. Due to its large size, the statistical sample was first selected randomly in clusters of four cities of Ahvaz, Behbahan, Masjed Soleiman and Dezful (N = 790) and then randomly selected based on Kerjesi & Morgan table (n = 258). To collect data, three questionnaires of self-confidence were used in Spitel (2015), Torch Chi et al. (2020) and Spitel (2015). Pearson correlation tests and structural equation modeling were used to analyze the data. Results showed that teachers 'self-confidence had a significant effect on their motivation for physical education (0/434), and teachers' self-confidence had a significant effect on their physical literacy (0/591). Also, teachers 'physical literacy had a significant effect on their motivation for physical education (0/383), and finally, self-confidence had a significant effect on the motivation of elementary school sports teachers for physical education with the mediating role of physical literacy that 69% of teachers' total self-confidence indirectly explained by the mediating variable of physical literacy. Considering the importance of providing high quality physical education at the primary school and that physical literacy is the basis for familiarity with behavioral and motor skills, physical fitness, awareness, knowledge and understanding of healthy living and strengthening the opportunity for physical recreation, it is recommended to be used the professional teachers and teachers with high level of physical literacy for teach physical education in elementary school

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Self-Confidence
  • Physical Activity
  • Educational motivation
  • Physical literacy
 
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