نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری یادگیری حرکتی دانشگاه ارومیه

2 دانشیار دانشگاه ارومیه

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر‌‌، مقایسۀ ذهن­آگاهی و حافظة کاری دانشجویان فعال و غیرفعال دانشگاه ارومیه می‌باشد.‌ نمونۀ این پژوهش که از نوع علی ـ مقایسه­ای است، از بین دانشجویان رشتۀ تربیت­بدنی و دیگر رشته­های علوم انسانی به‌صورت هدفمند انتخاب شد که شامل 40 نفر دانشجوی تربیت­بدنی و 40 نفر دانشجوی علوم انسانی (در هر گروه 20 دختر و 20 پسر) بود. برای سنجش ذهن­آگاهی از پرسش‌نامۀ مهارت­های ذهن­آگاهی کنتاکی و حافظة­کاری از نرم افزار حافظۀ فعال  استفاده شد. یافته­های حاصل از تحلیل کوواریانس چند متغیره نشان داد که از لحاظ جنسیت و فعال‌بودن، تفاوت معناداری در متغیر حافظة­ کاری و خرده­مقیاس تمرکزگری وجود ندارد. همچنین، مشخص شد که دانشجویان فعال در متغیر ذهن­آگاهی در خرده­مقیاس­های مشاهده­گری و توصیف­گری برتر بودند. در خرده­مقیاس­ توجه به امور و پذیرش­گری نیز تفاوت معناداری از لحاظ جنسیت مشاهده شد؛ بنابراین، لازم است جهت آگاهی افراد از ذهن­آگاهی، برنامه­های ویژه‌ای طراحی گردد. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison between the Mindfullness and Working Memory in Active and Inactive students of Urmia University

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Lotfi 1
  • Jalal Dehghani Zadeh 1
  • Hasan Mohammad Zadeh 2

چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to compare the mental awareness and working memory between active and inactive students of Urmia University.  Participants were selected purposefully from physical education students and other fields of humanities. The samples included 80 students (physical education (n: 40), humanities fields (n: 40), and each group consisted of 20 males and 20 females). The Kentucky awareness Skills Inventory and N-BACK software were used to evaluate mental awareness and working memory respectively. The findings of the multi co-variance analysis showed that there was no significant difference between working memory and focusing sub-test of physical education students in comparison to the humanities students and also gender. Active students were better in the observing and describing sub-tests. In the attention and accepting sub-test, there were significant differences in gender. Therefore, it is necessary to inform the public about the mental awareness through designing and developing special programs. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Mindfullness
  • Working memory
  • Active and Inactive Students
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